Zoorkhaneh

Pahlevaani and Zoorkhaneh rituals is the name inscribed by UNESCO for varzesh-e pahlavāni. This is a traditional system of athletics originally used to train warriors in Iran. It combines martial arts, calisthenics, strength training and music. Practiced in a domed structure called the Zurkhaneh, training sessions consist mainly of ritual gymnastic movements and climax with the core of combat practice, a form of submission-grappling called koshti pahlavaani.

Traditional Iranian wrestling (koshti) dates back to ancient Persia and Parthia and was said to have been practiced by Rostam, mythological hero of the Shahnameh epic. The original purpose of these institutions was to train men as warriors and instill them with a sense of national pride in anticipation for the coming battles. Every session begins with pious praise to the Prophet Mohammad and his family. the Morshed leads prayer sessions and spurs the athletes on with poems in praise of Shiite Imams and excerpts from the Shahnameh. Ancient Zoroastrians believed that the development of physical and mental strength could be used to enhance spirituality.

In this sport, athletics respect a lot to old men.